ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Utilization of Vertebral Augmentation Procedures in the USA: a Comparative Analysis in Medicare Fee-for-Service Population Pre- and Post-2009 Trials

10$
ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Utilization of Vertebral Augmentation Procedures in the USA: a Comparative Analysis in Medicare Fee-for-Service Population Pre- and Post-2009 Trials

10$

Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Jaya Sanapati, Vidyasagar Pampati, Alan D. Kaye & Joshua A. Hirsch 

Abstract

Purpose of Review

To review the utilization patterns of vertebral augmentation procedures in the US Medicare population from 2004 to 2017 surrounding concurrent developments in the literature and the enactment of the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Recent Findings

The analysis of vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty utilization patterns was carried out using specialty utilization data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Database. Of note, over the period of time between 2009 and 2017, the number of people aged 65 or older showed a 3.2% rate of annual increase, and the number of Medicare beneficiaries increased by 27.6% with a 3.1% rate of annual increase. Concurrently, vertebroplasty utilization decreased 72.8% (annual decline of 15% per 100,000 Medicare beneficiaries), and balloon kyphoplasty utilization decreased 19% (annual decline of 2.6% per 100,000 Medicare beneficiaries). This translates to a 38.3% decrease in vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty utilization (annual decline of 5.9% per 100,000 Medicare beneficiaries) from 2009 to 2017. By contrast, from 2004 to 2009, there was a total 188% increase in vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty utilization (annual increase rate of 23.6% per 100,000 Medicare beneficiaries). The majority of vertebroplasty procedures were done by radiologists, and the majority of kyphoplasties were done by aggregate groups of spine surgeons.

Summary

These results illustrate a significant decline in vertebral augmentation procedures in the fee-for-service Medicare population between 2004 and 2017, with dramatic decreases following the publication of two 2009 trials that failed to demonstrate benefit of vertebroplasty over sham and the enactment of the ACA.

Only units of this product remain
Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s11916-020-00850-2