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Transoral thyroid surgery vestibular approach: does size matter anymore?

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Transoral thyroid surgery vestibular approach: does size matter anymore?

10.00$

E. Karakas, G. Klein & S. Schopf 

Abstract

Background

Various approaches for endoscopic and minimally invasive thyroid operations have been reported, with some becoming popular to date. The aim of these procedures is to reduce and prevent visible scars in the neck. This led to the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) technique applicable in small thyroid specimen. To amend TOETVA and to broaden the indication for transoral thyroid surgery, our aim was to combine the TOETVA with the retroauricular endoscopic cephalic access thyroid surgery (EndoCATS) facelift approach.

Methods

After successful implementation of the TOETVA technique in 2017, we evaluated the transoral technique regarding feasibility and safety in well-selected patients in Germany and Austria. With the combination of TOETVA and EndoCATS, we were able to optimize the extraction process of the specimen by avoiding damage to the thyroid capsule and to broaden the indication of transoral surgery by operating on thyroid glands with higher volume. Patients’ characteristics, surgical outcome and complications were determined.

Results

Seventy-one transoral procedures were performed in 70 patients. The TOETVA procedure was performed in 60 patients, and 10 female patients underwent TOVARA with transoral thyroid lobe mobilization and removal of the specimen via the retroauricular access. Overall, median operation time was 205 min (range 96–370 min) and permanent RLNP rate was 1% accordant to 99 nerves at risk (39 hemithyroidectomies, 29 total thyroidectomies, 2 parathyroid resections, and 1 thyroglossal cyst resection). No conversion to conventional open surgery was necessary. Long-term mental nerve injury occurred in two patients. No infection was identified.

Conclusions

Transoral thyroid and parathyroid surgery via the vestibular approach is both feasible and safe in Western Europe. The combination of the TOETVA with the retroauricular endoscopic cephalic access thyroid surgery (EndoCATS) facelift approach, called TOVARA, is a promising opportunity to allow for thyroid surgery without a visible scar in specimen with volume of more than 40 ml also.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s40618-019-01149-9