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Transient derangements in Hepatitis B serology in patients post-intravenous immunoglobulin therapy—a case-based review

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Transient derangements in Hepatitis B serology in patients post-intravenous immunoglobulin therapy—a case-based review

10.00$

Catherine King, Una Sutton-Fitzpatrick & Julieanne Houlihan 

Abstract

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is a commonly utilized therapy in multiple medical subspecialities, indicated for the management of various primary and secondary immunodeficiency states and autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. A lack of awareness exists among clinicians regarding the serological downstream effects of its use. An observed phenomenon post-IVIg is the passive transfer of antibodies from the product which can lead to transiently positive hepatitis B serology in recipients. When confounding viral serology is encountered, there is a risk to patients of treatment delays and mismanagement. Three patients encountered in the hematology department of a tertiary referral hospital developed spurious hepatitis B serology after administration of IVIg, whose cases are briefly outlined here. These cases highlight the need for routine pre-treatment viral screening and emphasize the importance of clinicians recognizing such potentially confounding results. This is of particular relevance to the sizeable subset of hematology patients who are planned for future immunomodulatory treatment (such as rituximab), where previous hepatitis B infection can often be a barrier to timely treatment.

Only units of this product remain
Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s11845-019-02115-3