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The number of FoxP3-positive tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in patients with synchronous bilateral breast cancer

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

The number of FoxP3-positive tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in patients with synchronous bilateral breast cancer

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Risa Goto, Yuko Hirota, Tomoyuki Aruga, Shinichiro Horiguchi, Sakiko Miura, Seigo Nakamura & Masafumi Takimoto 

Abstract

Purpose

In breast cancer, FoxP3-positive tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (FoxP3+ TILs) vary depending on lymph node status, histological grade, and subtype. All these studies have compared the numbers of FoxP3+ TILs among different hosts, but recruitment of FoxP3+ TILs might depend on each individual’s immune environment and each tumor’s biological characteristics. In the present study, FoxP3+ TIL numbers were investigated in patients with synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC) to determine the factors that affect FoxP3+ TIL recruitment in the same anti-tumor immune environment.

Methods

Patients diagnosed with SBBC who underwent curative surgery at two institutions were enrolled in this study. Patients who underwent primary systemic therapy or who were diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ or who had distant metastases at diagnosis were excluded. The average numbers of Foxp3+ TILs were determined from the scores of five high-power microscopic fields (HPF). The associations between Foxp3+ TIL numbers and the clinicopathological features of bilateral breasts in a single individual were examined.

Results

Nuclear grade (NG) (p = 0.007) and subtype (p = 0.03), but not size (p = 0.18) and axillary lymph node (p = 0.23) were significantly associated with increase of FoxP3 + TIL numbers by univariate analysis. Further, only NG was a statistically significant clinicopathological factor for change in the number of FoxP3+ TILs by multivariate analysis (p = 0.046)

Conclusions

There was no relationship between FoxP3+ TIL numbers and cancer progression as reflected in tumor size and axillary lymph node in patients with SBBC. Aggressive biological factors, especially high NG, were significantly related to enhanced recruitment of FoxP3+ TILs.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s12282-020-01049-4