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The Immunogenicity of a Novel Chimeric Hemagglutinin-Neuraminidase-Fusion Antigen from Newcastle Disease Virus by Oral Delivery of Transgenic Canola Seeds to Chickens

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

The Immunogenicity of a Novel Chimeric Hemagglutinin-Neuraminidase-Fusion Antigen from Newcastle Disease Virus by Oral Delivery of Transgenic Canola Seeds to Chickens

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Mohammad Javad Motamedi, Mohammad Majid Ebrahimi, Shahla Shahsavandi, Jafar Amani, Rouhollah Kazemi, Mahyat Jafari & Ali-Hatef Salmanian 

Abstract

Newcastle disease (ND) is considered as one of the most devastating infectious diseases targeting domestic birds and has considerable threat to the commercial poultry production. Two surface glycoproteins, hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and fusion (F), act as antigens in the virus structure and also play important roles in infecting host cells. In the current study, the expression of the chimeric HN-F protein in canola seeds and its immunogenicity in chickens were investigated. The HN-F gene was cloned downstream of the fatty acid elongase 1 (FAE1) promoter in the binary expression vector, pBI1400-HN-F, and introduced into rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The amount of the HN-F glycoprotein was estimated up to 0.18% and 0.11% of the total soluble protein (TSP) in transgenic seeds and leaves of canola, respectively. Confirmatory analyses of 36 transgenic lines revealed that the HN-F gene was integrated into the genome. Subsequently, HN-F protein could be expressed and accumulated in the seed tissue. Specific pathogen-free (SPF) chickens immunized orally with recombinant HN-F showed a significant rise in specific and hemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibodies 35 to 42 days post the first administration. The results implied the potential of transgenic canola seed-based expression for oral delivery of NDV immunogenic glycoproteins.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s12033-020-00254-y