ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Targeted deep sequencing helps distinguish independent primary tumors from intrapulmonary metastasis for lung cancer diagnosis

10$
ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Targeted deep sequencing helps distinguish independent primary tumors from intrapulmonary metastasis for lung cancer diagnosis

10$

Jixian Liu, Guangxian Mao, Yingmei Li, Lili Tao, Weifeng Wang, Xuxing Peng, Junbin Wang, Xiaoqiang Li, Xinyu Luan, Ruixing Luo, Tanxiao Huang, Jing Zhang, Mengmeng Xu, Shifu Chen & Da Wu 

Abstract

Purpose

Multiple lung lesions found in a single patient at the time of diagnosis often pose a diagnostic dilemma: are these lesions independent primary tumors (IPT) or the result of intrapulmonary metastases (IPM)? While traditional pathological methods sometimes have difficulty distinguishing IPM from IPT, modern molecular profiling based on next-generation sequencing techniques may provide a new strategy.

Methods

Sixteen patients with multiple tumors were enrolled in this study. We performed targeted deep sequencing (~ 2000 × coverage) on a total of 40 tumors and matched blood samples. We compared mutational profiles between tumors within each patient and across patients to evaluate if they were genetically related. Computed tomographic images and histological staining were also used to validate tumor relationships.

Results

A total of 125 mutations were identified in 16 patients. Twelve out of fourteen patients whose histological diagnoses favored IPT did not have any shared mutations in their multiple tumors. The other two showed discrepancies: Pt01 had a shared EGFR exon19 deletion in the two lung tumors found, and Pt16 had one common mutation (BRAFD594G) in two out of five lung tumors. Pt14 with lung metastasis from salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma had shared mutations; and Pt15 with suspected intrapulmonary metastasis (IPM) had identical mutations between the two tumors. Visualized data can be readily accessed through the website: mlc.opengene.org.

Conclusion

Analysis of overlapping mutations among different tumors assists physicians in distinguishing IPM from IPT. Our findings demonstrate that DNA sequencing can provide additional evidence in clinical practice when pathology is inadequate to make a conclusive diagnosis.

Only units of this product remain
Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00432-020-03227-5