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Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) can delay polymetastatic conversion in patients affected by liver oligometastases

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) can delay polymetastatic conversion in patients affected by liver oligometastases

10$

Luca Nicosia, Francesco Cuccia, Rosario Mazzola, Vanessa Figlia, Niccolò Giaj-Levra, Francesco Ricchetti, Michele Rigo, Marco Bonù, Stefanie Corradini, Maria Tolia & Filippo Alongi 

Abstract

Purpose

SBRT demonstrated to increase survival in oligometastatic patients. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the natural history of oligometastatic disease (OMD) and how SBRT may impact the transition to the polymetastatic disease (PMD).

Methods

97 liver metastases in 61 oligometastatic patients were treated with SBRT. Twenty patients (33%) had synchronous oligometastases, 41 (67%) presented with metachronous oligometastases. Median number of treated metastases was 2 (range 1–5).

Results

Median follow-up was 24 months. Median tPMC was 11 months (range 4–17 months). Median overall survival (OS) was 23 months (range 16–29 months). Cancer-specific survival predictive factors were having further OMD after SBRT (21 months versus 15 months; p = 0.00), and local control of treated metastases (27 months versus 18 months; p = 0.031). Median PFS was 7 months (range 4–12 months). Patients with 1 metastasis had longer median PFS as compared to those with 2–3 and 4–5 metastases (14.7 months versus 5.3 months versus 6.5 months; p = 0.041). At the last follow-up, 50/61 patients (82%) progressed, 16 of which (26.6%) again as oligometastatic and 34 (56%) as polymetastatic.

Conclusion

In the setting of oligometastatic disease, SBRT is able to delay the transition to the PMD. A proportion of patients relapse as oligometastatic and can be eventually evaluated for a further SBRT course. Interestingly, those patients retain a survival benefit as compared to those who had PMD. Further studies are needed to explore the role of SBRT in OMD and to identify treatment strategies able to maintain the oligometastatic state.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00432-020-03223-9