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Sawing toward the fibular head during open-wedge high tibial osteotomy carries the risk of popliteal artery injury

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Sawing toward the fibular head during open-wedge high tibial osteotomy carries the risk of popliteal artery injury

10.00$

Taehoon Kang, Do Weon Lee, Jae Young Park, Hyuk-Soo Han, Myung Chul Lee & Du Hyun Ro 

Abstract

Purpose

Popliteal artery injury is a rare but devastating complication of open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). The objectives of this study were: to document the location of the artery in the virtual osteotomy plane (VOP), to measure the minimal distance between the popliteal artery and three virtual saw-progression lines (VSLs), and to present a safe sawing technique for OWHTO.

Method

In total, 45 computed tomography angiographies were reconstructed and virtual osteotomy was simulated using 3D image-processing software. The VOP was defined as an inclined plane commencing 3.5 cm below the articular plane towards the fibular head. VSLs were defined as saw-progression guidelines that lie on the VOP: “VSL-mid” runs from the midpoint of the tibial medial cortex towards the fibular head; “VSL-ant” starts from the same point as VSL-mid, but runs 10° anterior to the fibular head; and “VSL-post” runs 10° posterior to the fibular head. The distances between the popliteal artery and the three VSLs were measured, and the risk of injury was assessed.

Results

The popliteal artery was located 20.7° posterior to VSL-mid and 51 mm from the starting point. The minimum distance between the popliteal artery and VSL-mid was 18 mm (99% confidence interval 9–27 mm). When the saw was moved along VSL-mid, 42% of the arteries were susceptible to injury. However, when it followed VSL-ant, there was no risk of injury.

Conclusions

Sawing toward the fibular head carries a risk of popliteal artery injury and should not be performed. When sawing in OWHTO, the recommended target should be 10° anterior to the fibular head. This technique eliminates the risk of popliteal artery injury.

Only units of this product remain
Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00167-019-05439-w