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Risk Factors for Occult Lymph Node Metastasis in Peripheral Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with Invasive Component Size 3 cm or Less

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Risk Factors for Occult Lymph Node Metastasis in Peripheral Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with Invasive Component Size 3 cm or Less

10$

Youngkyu Moon, Si Young Choi, Jae Kil Park & Kyo Young Lee 

Abstract

Background

In the seventh edition TNM staging system for lung cancer, a high maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) on positron emission tomography was regarded as a risk factor for occult lymph node metastasis in clinical T1N0 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, in the eighth edition TNM classification, tumors are classified according to the size of the invasive component only, and those with invasive component size ≤3 cm are diagnosed as stage T1. The aim of this study was to reassess the risk factors for occult lymph node metastasis under the eighth edition TNM classification for lung cancer.

Methods

From 2010 to 2017, 553 patients with clinical N0 peripheral NSCLC with invasive component size ≤3 cm underwent anatomical lobectomy with systematic lymph node dissection. We analyzed these cases retrospectively to identify risk factors for postoperative nodal upstaging.

Results

Among 553 study patients, 54 (9.8%) had nodal upstaging after surgery. In multivariate analysis adopting the eighth edition TNM classification for lung cancer, serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.113, p = 0.002), invasive component size (HR = 2.398, p = 0.004), visceral pleural invasion (HR = 2.901, p = 0.005), and lymphatic invasion (HR = 9.336, p < 0.001) were significant risk factors for nodal upstaging, but SUVmax was not.

Conclusion

SUVmax is not a predictor of nodal upstaging in clinical N0 peripheral NSCLC with invasive component size ≤3 cm under the eighth edition TNM classification for lung cancer. Significant risk factors of occult lymph node metastasis are serum CEA level, tumor invasive component size, visceral pleural invasion, and lymphatic invasion.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00268-019-05365-5