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Prospective, multicenter study on the economic and clinical impact of gene-expression assays in early-stage breast cancer from a single region: the PREGECAM registry experience

10$
ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Prospective, multicenter study on the economic and clinical impact of gene-expression assays in early-stage breast cancer from a single region: the PREGECAM registry experience

10$

S. Pérez Ramírez, M. del Monte-Millán, S. López-Tarruella, N. Martínez Jáñez, I. Márquez-Rodas, F. Lobo Samper, Y. Izarzugaza Perón, C. Rubio Terres, D. Rubio Rodríguez, J. Á. García-Sáenz, F. Moreno Antón, P. Zamora Auñón, M. Arroyo Yustos, M. Á. Lara Álvarez, E. M. Ciruelos Gil, L. Manso Sánchez, M. J. Echarri González, J. A. Guerra Martínez, C. Jara Sánchez, C. Bueno Muiño, S. García Adrián, J. R. Carrión Galindo, V. Valentín Maganto & M. Martín 

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and impact of gene-expression assays (GEAs) on treatment decisions in a real-world setting of early-stage breast cancer (ESBC) patients.

Methods

This is a regional, prospective study promoted by the Council Health Authorities in Madrid. Enrolment was offered to women with estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative, node-negative or micrometastatic, stage I or II breast cancer from 21 hospitals in Madrid. Treatment recommendations were recorded before and after knowledge of tests results. An economic model compared the cost-effectiveness of treatment, guided by GEAs or by common prognostic factors.

Results

907 tests (440 Oncotype DX® and 467 MammaPrint®) were performed between February 2012 and November 2014. Treatment recommendation changed in 42.6% of patients. The shift was predominantly from chemohormonal (CHT) to hormonal therapy (HT) alone, in 30.5% of patients. GEAs increased patients’ confidence in treatment decision making. Tumor grade, progesterone receptor positivity and Ki67 expression were associated with the likelihood of change from CHT to HT (P < 0.001) and from HT to CHT (P < 0.001). Compared with current clinical practice genomic testing increased quality-adjusted life years by 0.00787 per patient and was cost-saving from a national health care system (by 13.867€ per patient) and from a societal perspective (by 32.678€ per patient).

Conclusion

Using GEAs to guide adjuvant therapy in ESBC is cost-effective in Spain and has a significant impact on treatment decisions.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s12094-019-02176-x