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Prognostication of anaplastic astrocytoma patients: application of contrast leakage information of dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Prognostication of anaplastic astrocytoma patients: application of contrast leakage information of dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI

10.00$

Hee Soo Kim, Se Lee Kwon, Seung Hong Choi, Inpyeong Hwang, Tae Min Kim, Chul-Kee Park, Sung-Hye Park, Jae-Kyung Won, Il Han Kim & Soon Tae Lee 

Abstract

Purpose

To examine the applicability of contrast leakage information from dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced (DSC) MRI and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI to determine which one is the most valuable surrogate imaging biomarker for predicting disease progression in anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) patients.

Materials and methods

This study was approved by the institutional review board (IRB), which waived informed consent. A total of seventy-three AA patients who had undergone preoperative DCE and DSC MRI and received standard treatment, including partial resection or biopsy followed by radiation therapy, were included in this retrospective study. Based on Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO), patients were sorted into progression (n = 21) and non-progression (n = 52) groups. Tumor boundaries were defined as high-signal intensity (SI) lesions on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging, where we analyzed mean pharmacokinetic parameters (Ktrans, Vp, and Ve) from DCE MRI and contrast leakage information (mean extraction fraction (EF)) from DSC MRI.

Results

Mean Ve and mean EF were significantly higher in patients with progression-free survival (PFS) < 18 months than in those with PFS ≥ 18 months. For distinguishing the group with PFS < 18 months, AUC values were calculated using the mean Ve value (AUC = 0.716). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that mean Ve value was significantly correlated with PFS. In Cox proportional-hazards regression, only the mean Ve value was found to be significantly associated with PFS.

Conclusion

We found that the mean Ve value based on high-SI tumor lesions on FLAIR imaging was capable of predicting outcomes of AA patients as a potential surrogate imaging biomarker.

Key Points

Mean Ve(2.152 ± 1.857 vs. 1.173 ± 1.408) was significantly higher in anaplastic astrocytoma patients with PFS < 18 months that in those with PFS ≥ 18 months (p = 0.02).

Cox proportional-hazards regression showed that only mean Ve(p = 0.034) was significantly associated with PFS, regardless of IDH mutation status, in anaplastic astrocytoma patients.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00330-019-06598-7