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Prognostic indicators in pancreatic cancer patients undergoing total pancreatectomy

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Prognostic indicators in pancreatic cancer patients undergoing total pancreatectomy

10$

Shimpei Maeda, Kyohei Ariake, Masahiro Iseki, Hideo Ohtsuka, Masamichi Mizuma, Kei Nakagawa, Takanori Morikawa, Hiroki Hayashi, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Takashi Kamei, Takeshi Naitoh & Michiaki Unno 

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the long-term outcomes of total pancreatectomy in a modern cohort of pancreatic cancer patients and to establish whether any factors identified prior to pancreatic resection were related to poor survival.

Methods

We analyzed, retrospectively, patients who underwent total pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer between 2007 and 2016. The short- and long-term outcomes were investigated and Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the prognostic factors identified before resection.

Results

The subjects were 49 patients with a mean age of 65 years, who underwent total pancreatectomy in our hospital during the study period. Peritoneal washing cytology was performed in 48 patients, with positive results in 4 (8.3%). There was no 30-day mortality. The median overall survival was 22.5 months, with a 5-year survival rate of 28.5%. Univariate analyses of the pre-resection variables revealed that overall survival was associated with tumor location, resectability classification, maximum standardized uptake value of positron emission tomography, the preoperative carbohydrate antigen 19–9 level, and peritoneal washing cytology status. Multivariate analysis revealed that positive peritoneal washing cytology status and the maximum standardized uptake value were independent predictors of poor survival.

Conclusion

Total pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer is appropriate for selected patients, but peritoneal washing cytology and positron emission tomography should be performed preoperatively.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00595-019-01924-4