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Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis induced by the alpha-glucosidase inhibitor complicated from sigmoid volvulus in a diabetic patient

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis induced by the alpha-glucosidase inhibitor complicated from sigmoid volvulus in a diabetic patient

10$

Andrea Police, Lionel Charre, Enrico Volpin, Christos Antonopulos, Hamdi Braham & Najib El Arbi 

Abstract

Introduction

We present the case of a diabetic patient on treatment with acarbose who had presented a sigmoid volvulus with localized cystic pneumatosis of the sigmoid colon.

Case report

A 72-year-old patient with a medical history of atrial fibrillation, DNID in treatment since 10 years by acarbose. The patient was admitted to the emergency for abdominal pain and occlusive syndrome since 48 h without fever or nausea or vomiting. A CT scan was performed that showed a dolichocolon with a sigmoid volvulus. The colonic wall was thickening as well as submucosal and subserosal gas, without extra digestive air or collections. A rectosigmoidoscopy was achieving that showed a sigmoid volvulus with multiple small projections like a submucosa gas bubbles. A laparoscopic non-oncologic sigmoidectomy with primary termino terminal colorectal anastomosis was performed. During the surgical procedure, an aspect of PCI of the sigmoid colon was found. The sigmoid colon was long like a dolichocolon, dilated, and partially twisted.

Discussion

PCI is a rare condition characterized by the presence of multiple pneumokystes at different layers of the colonic wall. In emergency setting, the presence of colonic pneumatosis precludes the differential diagnosis between the PCI and mesenteric ischemia or ischemic colitis. It can be the cause of unnecessary explorative laparotomy.

Conclusion

PCI is rare disease, in emergency setting, we had to consider in differential diagnosis with colonic vascular disorders.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00384-020-03549-3