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Oral disorders in patients with newly diagnosed haematological diseases

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Oral disorders in patients with newly diagnosed haematological diseases

10$

Uutela Pauliina, Passweg Jakob, Tim Joda, Roland Weiger, Mauramo Matti & Waltimo Tuomas 

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to examine saliva flow rates and prevalence of dental and periodontal diseases of patients with newly diagnosed severe haematological diseases and compare these findings with age-matched controls of normal population.

Methods

A total of 149 patients diagnosed with haematological diseases aimed to be treated with haematological stem cell transplantation between 2008 and 2018 and 154 controls were included in the study. A dental examination was performed for patients within a maximum of 6 months after diagnosis. Differences were compared in terms of the stimulated salivary flow rate (SSFR); decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index; number of teeth; caries prevalence; presence of periodontitis and acute infections.

Results

The mean SSFR of the patient group was significantly lower (1.1 ml/min ± 0.7 ml/min) than the mean SSFR of the controls (1.3 ml/min ± 0.5 ml/min; p = 0.004). The number of caries lesions was significantly higher in the patient group (mean ± SD, 1.1 ± 1.9) than in the control group (mean ± SD, 0.4 ± 1.2; p < 0.001). There were fewer teeth and a higher DMFT index in the patient group compared to the control group, but the differences were not significant. Acute symptomatic infections were observed in eight (5.4%) patients and in none of the controls (p < 0.01).

Conclusions and clinical relevance

Oral examinations in patients with newly diagnosed severe haematological disease demonstrated a higher prevalence of caries, acute infections and lower mean SSFR compared with the controls. These findings support the recommendations for early dental examination at the time of diagnosis.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00784-019-03178-3