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Lacrimal drainage function after cheese wiring of lacrimal passage intubation

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Lacrimal drainage function after cheese wiring of lacrimal passage intubation

10$

Shizuka Koh, Shintaro Ochi & Yasushi Inoue 

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate how cheese wiring affects lacrimal drainage function by quantitative assessment of tear function and punctal dimensions.

Methods

Patients who underwent lacrimal passage intubation between January 2017 and September 2018 were enrolled prospectively. Among these patients, those with postoperative cheese wiring who received lacrimal passage intubation in one eye met the criteria for further investigation. The subjective symptoms of epiphora, dimensions of puncta, lower tear meniscus, and tear clearance were assessed postoperatively in both the involved eye and untreated contralateral eye. Punctum dimensions were analysed using the digital slit-lamp image. Tear meniscus and tear clearance were assessed by anterior segment optical coherence tomography.

Results

Postoperative cheese wiring was observed in 68 of 314 eyes. Among these cases, 36 patients (age 70.5 ± 11.7 years) had cheese wiring only in one eye: with the involvement of both puncta in 15 patients (group A) and only the lower punctum in 21 patients (group B). There was no patient with the involvement of only the upper punctum. While tear function of the involved eyes in group B did not differ from that of the untreated eye, it was significantly decreased in group A compared with that in untreated control eyes (p < 0.05). The tear clearance rate correlated significantly with the upper punctum dimensions (p < 0.05), but not with the lower punctum.

Conclusion

Analysis of cheese wiring after lacrimal passage intubation with tear function demonstrated that the integrity of the puncta and the canaliculus is important for lacrimal drainage.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00417-020-04612-z