ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Kinin B1 Receptor Blockade Prevents Angiotensin II-induced Neuroinflammation and Oxidative Stress in Primary Hypothalamic Neurons

10$
ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Kinin B1 Receptor Blockade Prevents Angiotensin II-induced Neuroinflammation and Oxidative Stress in Primary Hypothalamic Neurons

10$

Rohan Umesh Parekh, Jacques Robidoux & Srinivas Sriramula 

Abstract

Neuroinflammation has become an important underlying factor in many cardiovascular disorders, including hypertension. Previously we showed that elevated angiotensin II (Ang II) and angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R) expression levels can increase neuroinflammation leading to hypertension. We also found that kinin B1 receptor (B1R) expression increased in the hypothalamic paraventricular neurons resulting in neuroinflammation and oxidative stress in neurogenic hypertension. However, whether there are any potential interactions between AT1R and B1R in neuroinflammation is not clear. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether Ang II-mediated effects on inflammation and oxidative stress are mediated by the activation of B1R in mouse neonatal primary hypothalamic neuronal cultures. Gene expression and immunostaining revealed that both B1R and AT1R are expressed on primary hypothalamic neurons. Ang II stimulation significantly increased the expression of B1R, decreased mitochondrial respiration, increased the expression of two NADPH oxidase subunits (Nox2 and Nox4), increased the oxidative potential, upregulated several proinflammatory genes (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNFα), and increased NF-kB p65 DNA binding activity. These changes were prevented by pretreatment with the B1R-specific peptide antagonist, R715. In summary, our study demonstrates a causal relationship between B1R expression after Ang II stimulation, suggesting a possible cross talk between AT1R and B1R in neuroinflammation and oxidative stress.

Only units of this product remain
Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s10571-019-00778-1