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Insights into the genetic characteristics and population structures of Chinese two Tibetan groups using 35 insertion/deletion polymorphic loci

10$
ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Insights into the genetic characteristics and population structures of Chinese two Tibetan groups using 35 insertion/deletion polymorphic loci

10$

Yanfang Liu, Xiaoye Jin, Shuyan Mei, Hui Xu, Congying Zhao, Qiong Lan, Tong Xie, Yating Fang, Shuanglin Li & Bofeng Zhu 

Abstract

Studying the genetic structure of each ethnic group is helpful to clarify the genetic background and trace back to the ethnic origin. Tibetan people have lived in the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau (mean elevation over 4500 m) for generations, and have well adapted to the high-altitude environment. Due to the relatively closed geographical environment, Tibetans have preserved their representative physical characteristics and genetic information, thereby become an important research group in human genetics. In this study, genetic characteristics and population structures of two Tibetan groups (Qinghai Tibetans and Tibet Tibetans) were revealed by 35 insertion/deletion polymorphism (DIP) loci, aiming to provide valuable genetic information for population genetic differentiation analyses and forensic identifications. The combined discrimination power, cumulative exclusion probability and combined match probability of the 35 DIP loci in Qinghai Tibetan and Tibet Tibetan groups were 0.9999999999999945, 0.9988, 5.56623 × 10–15; and 0.9999999999999904, 0.9990, 9.69071 × 10–15, respectively, indicating that the panel possessed a strong capability for Tibetan personal identifications. Population differentiations and genetic relationship analyses among the two studied Tibetan groups and other 27 comparison populations were carried out using the Nei’s DA genetic distances, population pairwise genetic distances F-statistics (FST), analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA), phylogenetic tree reconstruction, principal component analysis and STRUCTURE methods. Results demonstrated that the most intimate genetic relationships existed in these two Tibetan groups; and genetic similarities between two Tibetan groups and the populations from East Asia were much stronger than that between the Tibetan groups and other geographical populations. Furthermore, forensic ancestral informativeness assessments suggested that several loci could be regarded as ancestry informative markers inferring individual biogeographic origins as well as contributing to forensic anthropology and population genetic researches.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00438-020-01670-0