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Inherited primary arrhythmia disorders: cardiac channelopathies and sports activity

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Inherited primary arrhythmia disorders: cardiac channelopathies and sports activity

10$

S. Marrakchi, I. Kammoun, E. Bennour, L. Laroussi, M. Ben Miled & S. Kachboura 

Abstract

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an apparently healthy individual is a tragedy. It is important to identify the cause of death and to prevent SCD in potentially at-risk family members. Inherited primary arrhythmia disorders are associated with exercise-related SCD. Despite the well-known benefits of exercise, exercise restriction has been a historical mainstay of therapy for these conditions. However, since familiarity with inherited arrhythmia conditions has increased and patients are often children and young adults, it is necessary to reassess the treatment guidelines regarding exercise constraints. The aim of this review is to analyze the risk of exercise-induced SCD in patients with inherited cardiac conditions and explore the challenges faced when advising patients about exercise limitations. We searched for publications on cardiac channelopathies in PubMed with the following medical subject headings (MeSH): “long QT syndrome”; “short QT syndrome”; “Brugada syndrome”; and “catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia”. The abstracts of these articles were scanned, and articles of relevance, along with pertinent references, were read in full. The analysis was restricted to reports published in English. The findings of this analysis suggest that exercise with low-to-moderate cardiovascular demand may be possible under regular clinical follow-up in inherited primary arrhythmia disorders. Recent data show that patients with inherited primary arrhythmia disorders are at low risk for events once a comprehensive treatment program has been established. Recreational activity is likely safe for these individuals, with personalized management based on individual patient preferences and priorities.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00059-018-4706-2