ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Inferior rectus displacement in heavy eye syndrome and sagging eye syndrome

10.00$
ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Inferior rectus displacement in heavy eye syndrome and sagging eye syndrome

10.00$

Michael Kinori, Megha Pansara, Derek D. Mai, Shira L. Robbins, John R. Hesselink & David B. Granet 

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate if there is a nasal displacement of the vertical rectus muscles in heavy eye syndrome (HES) and/or sagging eye syndrome (SES) compared with age-matched controls.

Methods

We reviewed the charts of all patients with the diagnosis of HES or SES who were seen at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) between the years 2008–2016 who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and orbits. The control group included patients who had brain and orbital MRIs at UCSD in the absence of known pathology in the orbits or globes. Measurements were taken by 3 separate examiners for all groups.

Results

Twenty-four patients (16 with SES and 8 with HES) and 24 age-matched controls were retrospectively reviewed. The superior rectus (SR) of patients with HES and SES was more nasally displaced from the midline compared with that of age-matched controls (p = 0.04, p = 0.03, respectively). The inferior rectus (IR) of patients with HES but not with SES was more nasally displaced from the midline compared with that of age-matched controls (p = 0.04, p = 0.62, respectively). In all groups, the IR nasal displacement from the midline was approximately double compared with the SR.

Conclusions

There is a significant nasal displacement of the SR in HES and SES and IR in HES. The observed IR nasal displacement in HES is a new finding and may explain the residual hypotropia and/or esotropia following surgical interventions for HES not involving the IR.

Only units of this product remain
Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00417-020-04629-4