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How Early Life Adversities Influence Later Life Family Interactions for Individuals with Schizophrenia in Outpatient Treatment: A Qualitative Analysis

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

How Early Life Adversities Influence Later Life Family Interactions for Individuals with Schizophrenia in Outpatient Treatment: A Qualitative Analysis

10$

Supriya Misra, Kelsey A. Johnson, Lindsey M. Parnarouskis, Karestan C. Koenen, David R. Williams, Bizu Gelaye & Christina P. C. Borba 

Abstract

Many individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia state that family relationships are a primary facilitator of their recovery. However, they also report higher rates of early life adversities, typically in their family environments. We used modified Grounded Theory on 20 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with adults (half ethnic minorities, half women) diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and receiving treatment at an urban psychiatric outpatient clinic to investigate how early life adversities influence later life family interactions. Approximately half of participants did not mention early life adversities and described positive family interactions and perceived supportive involvement in their illness. The other half of participants experienced abusive and/or unstable childhood homes that many explicitly linked to limited family interactions and perceived absence of support for their illness. These findings suggest that limited familial interactions following early life adversities may reflect resilient boundary setting, and indicate the value of considering these adversities before incorporating families in care.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s10597-020-00627-2