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Gorillibacterium timonense sp. nov., isolated from an obese patient

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Gorillibacterium timonense sp. nov., isolated from an obese patient

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Sokhna Ndongo, Mamadou Beye, Noémie Labas, Fabrizio Di Pinto, Magali Richez, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Didier Raoult & Fadi Bittar 

Abstract

A Gram-negative and facultative anaerobic bacterium, designated strain SN4T, was isolated from the stool sample of an obese Amazonian patient. The new isolate was characterized by the taxonogenomics approach. The strain SN4T was beige-colored, circular and not haemolytic. Cells are rod shaped and motile with several flagella. Strain SN4T grows optimally at pH 7 and can survive in the presence of a saline concentration of up to 75 g/l NaCl. The 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence analysis of the novel strain SN4T showed 95.28% similarity in nucleotide sequence with Gorillibacterium massiliense G5T, the phylogenetically closest neighbor and the type species of this genus. Anteiso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 and C16:0 were found as the major components in the cellular fatty acid analysis of this isolate. The genomic draft of strain SN4T is 5,263,742 bp long with 53.33% of G+C content. The differences in physiological, biochemical characteristics and phylogenetic and genomic data make it possible to clearly distinguish the strain SN4T from G. massiliense G5T. Based on the taxonogenomic description and the phenotypic and biochemical characteristics of this bacterium presented in this article, we propose the SN4T strain (= CSUR P2011 = DSM 100,698) as a new species, Gorillibacterium timonense sp. nov.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00203-020-01834-x