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Evaluation of the CT Scan as the First Examination for the Diagnosis and Therapeutic Strategy for Acute Cholecystitis

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Evaluation of the CT Scan as the First Examination for the Diagnosis and Therapeutic Strategy for Acute Cholecystitis

10$

S. Martellotto, A. Dohan & M. Pocard 

Abstract

Background

The CT scan has supplanted the abdominal ultrasound for emergency examinations. A comparison of CT scan and ultrasound performance for the diagnosis and management of acute cholecystitis in acute care was proposed. The hypothesis is that the CT scan may be sufficient for the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis, which would allow faster progress to surgery.

Methods

The retrospective study of consecutive patients operated for acute cholecystitis or gallbladder distension with pre-operative imaging within 48 h in one centre.

Results

Between 2015 and 2017, a total of 341 cholecystectomies were performed in our centre. The analysis involved 120 patients. Ultrasound had better sensitivity than the CT scan, respectively, 79.4% [70.5–86.6] and 52.3% [42.5–62.1], but less specificity, with 61.5% [31.6–86.1] and 92.3% [64.0–99.8], respectively. However, there was a significant difference in favour of the CT scan for the diagnosis of complicated cholecystitis (p 0.004). The positive likelihood ratio of complicated cholecystitis is better at CT scan (7.8) [2.7–23.1] than in ultrasound (1.0) [0.1–9.7]. CT scan and ultrasound are equivalent for the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis, but CT scan is more efficient for the diagnosis of complicated cases (Youden index J 0.3 vs 0.001).

Conclusion

It is possible to place the surgical indication of cholecystectomy on the only data of the CT scan. We propose a decision-making algorithm that uses the CT scan to make the diagnosis and decide on emergency treatment for complicated cases or that allows us to propose a delayed surgery for simple cholecystitis.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00268-020-05404-6