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Evaluation of goserelin effectiveness based on assessment of inflammatory cytokines and symptoms in uterine leiomyoma

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Evaluation of goserelin effectiveness based on assessment of inflammatory cytokines and symptoms in uterine leiomyoma

10$

Nadia H. Mohammed, Anmar Al-Taie & Zahraa Albasry 

Abstract

Background Uterine leiomyoma is a benign tumour of the uterine smooth muscles associated with an elevated level of inflammatory cytokines. Goserelin, a synthetic gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue, suppresses the production of sex hormones and release of inflammatory cytokines in uterine leiomyoma cells. Objective The primary objective of this study was to find out the effectiveness of subcutaneous goserelin therapy on lowering serum levels of inflammatory cytokines and improving uterine leiomyoma-related symptoms in female patients diagnosed with uterine leiomyoma. The secondary objective was to assess the tolerability to goserelin therapy used in the management of this tumour. Setting Outpatient gynaecological clinic of the medical consultation department of Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad province, Iraq. Methods A single centre, prospective, longitudinal, cohort study was carried out on female patients diagnosed with uterine leiomyoma. Goserelin 3.6 mg subcutaneous injection was given in a consecutive monthly dose for the total time duration of three months. Serum levels of inflammatory cytokines, tumour necrosis factor-α and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 were detected before and after goserelin therapy in a consecutive monthly assessment. The study also assessed the improvement in uterine leiomyoma-related symptoms, including pelvic pain alongside the incidence of goserelin-related side effects during therapy schedules. Main Outcome Measures Assessment of serum levels of tumour necrosis factor-α and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 alongside uterine leiomyoma-related symptoms, including pelvic pain and goserelin-related side effects. Results There was a significant decrease in serum levels of tumour necrosis factor-α and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 compared to the baseline level over the 3-month duration of goserelin therapy (0.11 ± 0.02 vs. 0.74 ± 0.19) pg/mL; (0.07 ± 0.00 vs. 0.44 ± 0.18) pg/mL respectively. Patients showed a clinical improvement regarding uterine leiomyoma-related symptoms following each of the consecutive monthly doses of goserelin therapy (n = 11, 55%, P < 0.0001; n = 15, 75%, P < 0.0001; n = 18, 90%, P < 0.0001) respectively. This also includes a significant decrease in the intensity of leiomyoma-related pelvic pain before and after goserelin therapy (7.2 ± 1.43 vs. 3.05 ± 1.14, P < 0.0001). The majority of patients reported vaginal dryness (60%) as the main goserelin-related side effect. Conclusion Goserelin therapy reduces serum levels of inflammatory cytokines, tumour necrosis factor- α and monocyte chemotactic protein-1, improving leiomyoma-related symptoms with good tolerability in patients with uterine leiomyoma.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s11096-020-01030-3