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EULAR definition of “arthralgia suspicious for progression to rheumatoid arthritis” in a large cohort of patients included in a program for rapid diagnosis: role of auto-antibodies and ultrasound

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

EULAR definition of “arthralgia suspicious for progression to rheumatoid arthritis” in a large cohort of patients included in a program for rapid diagnosis: role of auto-antibodies and ultrasound

10$

Santiago Ruta, Einer Sanchez Prado, Jessica Torres Chichande, Alvaro Ruta, Facundo Salvatori, Sebastián Magri & Rodrigo García Salinas 

Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate the performance of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) definition of arthralgias suspicious for progression to RA in patients with hand arthralgias and to estimate the added value of both auto-antibodies and ultrasound (US) with power Doppler (PD).

Methods

Consecutive patients admitted for hand arthralgias to “Reuma-check” ® program were included. This program includes the following at baseline: clinical assessment, laboratory tests, US with PD of both hands, and radiography of both hands and feet. All patients were followed-up after baseline evaluation by their treating rheumatologists, and a definitive diagnosis of RA (ACR/EULAR 2010 criteria) was established or not.

Results

A total of 465 consecutive patients were included. During follow-up, 44 (9.4%) were diagnosed with RA. Mean of baseline EULAR features describing arthralgia suspicious for progression to RA was 4.1 in patients with final diagnosis of RA vs 2.3 in non-RA patients (p < 0.0001). The AUC for the EULAR defined features describing arthralgia suspicious for progression to RA for the final diagnosis of RA was 0.7827, while adding US with PD, rheumatoid factor (RF), and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA) data, the AUC was 0.9172 (p < 0.0001). In the multivariate regression logistic analysis, baseline features associated with a final diagnosis of RA were difficulty with making a fist, RF, ACPA, and US with PD.

Conclusions

EULAR definition of arthralgia suspicious for progression to RA had an acceptable performance to predict the future development of RA and improves adding information of both RF, ACPA and US with PD data.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s10067-019-04855-0