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Elevated triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio increased risk of hyperuricemia: a 4-year cohort study in China

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Elevated triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio increased risk of hyperuricemia: a 4-year cohort study in China

10$

Xin-Yao Liu, Qiao-Yu Wu, Zhi-Heng Chen, Guang-Yu Yan, Yao Lu, Hai-Jiang Dai, Ying Li, Ping-Ting Yang & Hong Yuan 

Abstract

Purpose

Previous studies revealed that high serum uric acid (SUA) levels correlated with increased triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio. However, evidence is lacking regarding whether TG/HDL-C is an independent risk factor or just a simple marker of hyperuricemia. We aimed to investigate the relationship between TG/HDL-C and the risk of hyperuricemia in Chinese population.

Methods

This retrospective cohort study involved 15,198 subjects (43.14 ± 13.13 years, 54.9% men) who were free of hyperuricemia at baseline. The association between TG/HDL-C and the risk of hyperuricemia, in the total sample and stratified by subgroups, was examined by multiple logistic regression analyses.

Results

During 4 years follow-up, hyperuricemia occurred in 2365 (15.6%) participants. The cumulative incidence of hyperuricemia was significantly elevated with increasing TG/HDL-C quartiles (5.9, 10.8, 18.4, and 27.5%, respectively). After multivariate adjustment, the odds ratio for hyperuricemia in the highest compared with the lowest quartile of TG/HDL-C was 1.80 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.49, 2.18), and each SD increment of TG/HDL-C ratio caused a 10% additional risk for hyperuricemia. Moreover, subgroup analyses showed that the association between TG/HDL-C and the risk of hyperuricemia was more pronounced in women and normal-weight adults. The results were consistent when analyses were restricted to participants without metabolic syndrome.

Conclusions

TG/HDL-C ratio was positively related to the risk of hyperuricemia in Chinese population, particularly in women and normal-weight individuals. These findings suggested the potential of TG/HDL-C ratio to serve as an independent risk indicator in the prevention of hyperuricemia.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s12020-019-02176-5