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Efficacy of osimertinib for the treatment of previously EGFR TKI treated NSCLC patients: a meta-analysis

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Efficacy of osimertinib for the treatment of previously EGFR TKI treated NSCLC patients: a meta-analysis

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Z.-X. Li, W. Zhao, Q. Sun, M.-S. Tang, Q.-J. Xia & M.-S. Dong 

Abstract

Background

This study evaluates the efficacy of osimertinib for the treatment of previously epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EFGR-TKI) treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.

Method

Research articles reporting the efficacy of osimertinib for NSCLC patients were identified from literature databases (Embase, Ovid, PubMed and Scopus) by following pre-determined eligibility criteria. Response and survival data were extracted from study reports and were pooled under random-effects model to obtain overall/subgroup effect sizes of selected efficacy outcomes.

Results

Nine studies (950 patients; age 60.1 years [95% confidence interval: 57.2, 63.1]; 65% [95% CI: 62, 69] females; 69% [35, 100] with T790M; 61% [53, 68] with ex19del; and 35% [29, 41] with L858R mutations). Osimertinib treatment was associated with a PFS of 11.17 months [7.80, 14.55] which was longer in treatment-naïve (20.30 [15.37, 25.23]) than in prior EGFR-TKI-treated (10.20 [9.60, 10.80]) patients. 1-year survival was 81.29% [73.25, 89.32]. Complete response rate was 1.48% [1.19, 1.76]. PR was achieved in 53.18% [24.18, 82.18] patients which differed between treatment-naïve and prior EGFR-TKI-treated patients (74.48 [65.59, 83.37] and 67.99% [62.68, 73.30], respectively. Objective response rate and disease control rates were 69.80% [64.84, 74.77] and 92.43% [89.42, 95.43], respectively, which did not differ between treatment-naïve and prior EGFR-TKI-treated patients.

Conclusion

Osimertinib treatment yields approximately 10 months PFS in prior EGFR-TKI-treated and 20 months in treatment-naïve NSCLC patients. Partial response rate is also higher in treatment-naïve patients. However, objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) did not differ between groups of patients.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s12094-019-02204-w