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Effect of shear on morphology, viability and metabolic activity of succinic acid-producing Actinobacillus succinogenes biofilms

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Effect of shear on morphology, viability and metabolic activity of succinic acid-producing Actinobacillus succinogenes biofilms

10$

Sekgetho Charles Mokwatlo, Hendrik Gideon Brink & Willie Nicol 

Abstract

Two custom-designed bioreactors were used to evaluate the effect of shear on biofilms of a succinic acid producer, Actinobacillus succinogenes. The first bioreactor allowed for in situ removal of small biofilm samples used for microscopic imaging. The second bioreactor allowed for complete removal of all biofilm and was used to analyse biofilm composition and productivity. The smooth, low porosity biofilms obtained under high shear conditions had an average cell viability of 79% compared to 57% at the lowest shear used. The maximum cell-based succinic acid productivity for high shear biofilm was 2.4 g g−1DCW h−1 compared to the 0.8 g g−1DCW h−1 of the low shear biofilm. Furthermore, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays confirmed higher cell metabolic activities for high shear developed biofilm compared to biofilm developed at low shear conditions. Results clearly indicated that high shear biofilm cultivation has beneficial morphological, viability, and cell-based productivity characteristics.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00449-020-02322-8