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Effect of cyclic heat stress on thyroidal hormones, thyroid histology, and performance of two broiler strains

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Effect of cyclic heat stress on thyroidal hormones, thyroid histology, and performance of two broiler strains

10$

João Paulo Rodrigues Bueno, Luciana Ruggeri Menezes Gotardo, Aline Monteiro dos Santos, Fernanda Heloisa Litz, Otávio Cintra Lemos Olivieri, Rodrigo Lemos Olivieri Rodrigues Alves, Cíntia Amaral Moraes & Mara Regina Bueno de Mattos Nascimento 

Abstract

This study determined thyroid hormone (T3 and T4) serum levels and investigated thyroid gland histology, as well as two broiler strains performance kept at different periods of heat stress. Broilers (560 Cobb Slow™ and 560 Hubbard Flex™) were distributed in control environment (0) reared following the thermal recommendations, and environments 1, 2, and 3 exposed to high temperatures for 1 h, 2 h, and 3 h a day, respectively, from 14 to 42 days old. At 21, 28, 35, and 42 days old, blood samples were collected to determine T3 and T4 serum levels. At 42 days old, thyroid glands were removed for histological analyses. The performance was calculated weekly. T3 levels decreased with age advance, while T4 serum concentration was higher at 42 days old (23.27 nmol L−1) and lower at 28 days old (15.69 nmol L−1). The histological sections revealed that thyroid morphology was well preserved. Live weight was higher in Cobb Slow™ (2.97 kg) than Hubbard Flex™ (2.93 kg) broilers at 42 days old. It is possible to conclude that cyclic heat stress exposure for a 3-h period from 14 to 42 days old did not affect performance, thyroid histology, or T3 and T4 serum levels. Cobb Slow™ broilers had the best live weight values at slaughtering. With increasing age, T3 levels decreased and T4 levels increased for both strains.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00484-020-01886-0