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DOA Estimation of Coherent Signals Based on the Sparse Representation for Acoustic Vector-Sensor Arrays

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

DOA Estimation of Coherent Signals Based on the Sparse Representation for Acoustic Vector-Sensor Arrays

10$

Shengguo Shi, Ying Li, Desen Yang, Aifei Liu & Zhongrui Zhu 

Abstract

This paper focuses on the problem of the DOA estimation of coherent signals for the acoustic vector-sensor arrays (AVSAs) in the presence of the isotropic ambient noise. We propose a high-resolution DOA estimation method based on the acoustic intensity principle and the sparse representation technique. First, two cross-covariance matrices are constructed by employing the acoustic pressure and particle velocity components of the AVSA, which eliminates the isotropic noise. Then, in order to fully explore the DOA information of the particle velocity components, an augmented matrix is formed based on the two cross-covariance matrices. We observe an interesting fact that the left singular vector corresponding to the maximum singular value of the augmented cross-covariance matrix is the linear combination of all the signal steering vectors. Based on this fact, a high-resolution DOA estimation algorithm is developed via sparsely representing the left singular vector. This method does not require the prior knowledge of the noise variance or the number of signals to construct the sparse representation model. Simulation and experimental results demonstrate the proposed method outperforms the MUSIC method based on the forward/backward spatial smoothing and some existing sparse representation methods in estimation accuracy and angular resolution, especially in the cases of a low signal-to-noise ratio and/or coherent signals with small angular separations.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00034-019-01323-7