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Distal radioulnar joint instability: current concepts of treatment

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Distal radioulnar joint instability: current concepts of treatment

5$

Christian K. Spies, Martin Langer, Lars P. Müller, Johannes Oppermann & Frank Unglaub 

Abstract

Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability is often an underestimated or missed lesion which may entail fatal consequences. The triangular fibrocartilage complex is a biomechanically very important stabilizer of the DRUJ and guarantees unrestricted range of motion of the forearm. To detect DRUJ instability a systematic examination is of uppermost importance. The contralateral healthy arm will be used for comparison during clinical examination. X-rays are required to exclude osseous lesions or deformities. Computed tomography of both wrists in neutral forearm rotation, supination, and pronation may be necessary to verify DRUJ instability in ambiguous situations. Following a systematic clinical examination wrist and DRUJ arthroscopy detects lesions definitely. Tears of the distal radioulnar ligaments which entail DRUJ instability should be repaired preferably anatomically. Ulnar-sided ligament ruptures which cause instability are detected more often than radial-sided ones. Osseous ligament avulsions are mostly refixated osteosynthetically. Ligamentous tears of the distal radioulnar ligaments may be reconstructed using anchor suture or transosseous refixation. Secondary procedures such as tendon transplants are necessary for anatomical reconstruction in cases of unrepairable ligament tears.

Only units of this product remain
Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00402-020-03371-0