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Could biological tissue preservation methods change chemical elements proportion measured by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy?

10.00$
ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Could biological tissue preservation methods change chemical elements proportion measured by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy?

10.00$

Luiz Carlos Maia Ladeira, Eliziária Cardoso dos Santos, Gilmar Edilberto Valente, Janaina da Silva, Talita Amorim Santos & Izabel Regina dos Santos Costa Maldonado 

Abstract

Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) is a powerful technical tool used in the biomedical field to investigate the proportion of chemical elements of interest in research, such as heavy metal bioaccumulation and the enzymatic cofactors and nanoparticle therapy in various pathologies. However, the correct evaluation of the proportion of the elements is subject to some factors, including the method of sample preservation. In this study, we seek to investigate the effect of biological tissue preservation methods on the proportion of chemical elements obtained by the EDS methodology. For such, we used EDS to measure the proportion of chemical elements with biomedical interest in preserved livers, using three common methods for preserving biological tissues: (a) freezing, (b) paraformaldehyde fixative solution, and (c) Karnovsky solution. We found an increased level of sodium and reduced contents of potassium and copper in samples fixed in fixative solutions, when compared to frozen samples (p < 0.05). Our data indicate that preservation methods can change the proportion of chemical elements in biological samples, when measured by EDS. Frozen preservation should be preferred to retain the actual chemical content of samples and allow a correct assessment of the proportion of their elements.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s12011-019-01909-x