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Characteristics and Variability of Carbonaceous Aerosols over a Semi Urban Location in Garhwal Himalayas

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Characteristics and Variability of Carbonaceous Aerosols over a Semi Urban Location in Garhwal Himalayas

10$

K. Sandeep, R. S. Negi, A. S. Panicker, Alok Sagar Gautam, D. S. Bhist, G. Beig, B. S. Murthy, R. Latha, Santosh Singh & S. Das

Abstract

Extraction of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) were carried out over Srinagar, India, an ecologically sensitive semi-urban site in Garhwal Himalays. The PM2.5 sampling was carried out during January to December, 2017 over the site. The OC and EC were extracted from PM2.5 samples using a thermo optical OC/EC analyzer. Highest OC and EC concncentrations were found during postmonsoon (17.67 ± 1.1 μg/m3 OC and 6.34 ± 0.75 EC) and Winter (17.31 ± 3.045 μg/m3 OC and 6.32 ± 0.585 μg/m3 EC) seasons are attributed to boundary layer dynamics and anthropogenic activities. The lower concentration of OC/EC was observed during monsoon season (11.64 ± 1.75 μgm−3 OC and 3.46 ± 0.19μgm−3 EC) owing to wet scavenging of aerosols and minimum count of forest fire/biomass buring incidences. Both pre-monsoon and post-monsoon season concentrations are also influenced by biomass burning in the IGP (Indo-Gangetic Plain) region and forest fires in the adjecent areas. The OC/EC ratio sounds that vehicular exhaust and biomass burning are the major source of OC/EC over the site. Generation of secondary organic carbon (SOC) at the region causes variability in OC/EC ratio in different seasons. It is found that 24–32% of PM2.5 is contributed by carbonaceous aerosols (OC and EC) over Srinagar. The pivotal role of meteorology in modulating OC/EC concentrations has been illustared in detail.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s13143-019-00158-1