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C-shaped canals in mandibular molars of a Brazilian subpopulation: prevalence and root canal configuration using cone-beam computed tomography

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C-shaped canals in mandibular molars of a Brazilian subpopulation: prevalence and root canal configuration using cone-beam computed tomography

10$

Yuri Nejaim, Amanda Farias Gomes, Lucas de Paula Lopes Rosado, Deborah Queiroz Freitas, Jorge N. R. Martins & Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal da Silva 

Abstract

Objectives

To assess C-shaped root canal configuration by identifying its prevalence and each configuration type proportion, according to tooth (mandibular first or second molar) and demographic characteristics in a Brazilian population, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Moreover, it was verified if there is a relationship between root canal configuration observed in two-dimensional reconstructions of CBCT and presence of C-shape.

Methods

Mandibular jaw CBCT scans (184 males and 220 females, aged 15 to 80 years), which presented 1464 mandibular molars (710 first molars and 754 second molars), were assessed. Teeth were evaluated for the presence and type of C-shaped root canals by observing the roots at five levels in CBCT axial reconstructions. Root canal configuration was assessed in panoramic reconstructions. Data were statistically analyzed at a significance level of 5%.

Results

Of the 1464 mandibular molars, 125 (8.5%) were classified as C-shaped. This variation was more prevalent in females (n = 107, 85.6%) and in second molars (n = 108, 86.4%). C1 (uninterrupted C-shaped canal) was the most prevalent type of C-shaped configuration (41.76%), while C5 (no canal lumen) was the least prevalent type (0.96%). Single root with single canal in panoramic reconstructions was the most predominant configuration for C-shaped teeth (n = 54, 43.2%). Fused roots presented 17.2 higher odds of being associated with C-shaped root canals than non-fused roots.

Conclusions

C-shaped root canals were more prevalent in mandibular second molars and in females. Additionally, clinicians should bear in mind the greater possibility of C-shaped configuration in mandibular molars with fused roots.

Clinical relevance

Mandibular molars with C-shaped canals present a clinical challenge. A higher C-shaped proportion was noted in radiographic fused root types, which had 17.2 higher odds of presenting such anatomy when compared to radiographic non-fused roots. Root radiographic features may help in diagnosis of complex C-shaped morphologies.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00784-020-03207-6