Botulinum Toxin A Improves Symptoms of Gastroparesis


Botulinum Toxin A Improves Symptoms of Gastroparesis


Zachary Wilmer Reichenbach, Steven Stanek, Shyam Patel, Sara Jane Ward, Zubair Malik, Henry P. Parkman & Ron Schey 


Background and Aims

Pyloric injections of botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) have shown benefit in open-label studies for patients with gastroparesis but not in randomized trials. We sought to examine the effectiveness of BoNT/A injections in a prospective open-label trial of patients with gastroparesis to assess specific symptom improvements over the course of 6 months. We also wanted to determine if specific biochemical measures including creatinine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, aldolase, and C-reactive protein suggesting muscular injection could be used to predict successful response to pyloric injections of BoNT/A.


Patients with gastroparesis undergoing pyloric BoNT/A injections for the treatment of symptomatic gastroparesis were enrolled. The patients completed the Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) at the initial encounter and at 1, 3, and 6 months. Blood samples were collected before and 1 h after BoNT/A therapy.


We enrolled 34 patients for serum analysis of which 25 patients were available for symptom follow-up. Sixty-four percent of patients had an improvement in symptoms at 1 month. Patients with improved GCSI total score at 1 month had an improvement in most individual symptoms evaluated. For patients that improved at 1 month, this improvement often extended up to 6 months (p = 0.04). Serum measures studied did not correlate with clinical outcomes.


BoNT/A therapy to the pylorus provided symptomatic improvement at 1 month in 64% of patients. For those patients initially responding, the improvement can last out to 6 months. The biochemical markers did not serve to predict the outcome of injections.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s10620-019-05885-z