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Band 3 ectopic expression in colorectal cancer induces an increase in erythrocyte membrane-bound IgG and may cause immune-related anemia

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Band 3 ectopic expression in colorectal cancer induces an increase in erythrocyte membrane-bound IgG and may cause immune-related anemia

10.00$

Akihito Kitao, Shinichiro Kawamoto, Keiji Kurata, Ikuyo Hayakawa, Takashi Yamasaki, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Yasuo Sumi, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Toyomi Kamesaki & Hironobu Minami 

Abstract

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a rare comorbidity in colorectal cancer (CRC) and has an unknown etiology. Previously, we described an AIHA case secondary to CRC with ectopic band 3 expression. Herein, we investigated ectopic band 3 expression and erythrocyte membrane-bound IgG in a CRC cohort. Between September 2016 and August 2018, 50 patients with CRC and 26 healthy controls were enrolled in the present study. The expression of band 3 and SLC4A1 mRNA was observed in 97% of CRC surgical specimens. Although clinical AIHA was not observed in any patient with CRC, a direct antiglobulin test was positive in 10 of the patients in the CRC group (p = 0.01). Flow cytometry revealed significantly increased erythrocyte membrane-bound IgG among patients with CRC compared to healthy controls (mean ± standard deviation; 38.8 ± 4.7 vs. 29.9 ± 15.6, p = 0.012). Normocytic anemia was observed, including in cases negative for fecal occult blood, suggesting a shortened erythrocyte life-span due to increased membrane-bound IgG. Immunoprecipitation revealed increased anti-band 3 autoantibodies in patients’ sera. Mouse experiments recapitulated this phenomenon. We also confirmed that band 3 expression is controlled by 5′AMP-activated protein kinase under hypoxic conditions. These findings increase our understanding of the etiology of cancer-related anemia.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s12185-020-02831-y