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Analysis of metachronous colorectal neoplasms and survival following segmental or extended resection in patients with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Analysis of metachronous colorectal neoplasms and survival following segmental or extended resection in patients with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer

10$

Seung Jae Roh, Yoon Hwa Hong, Byung Chang Kim, Hee Jin Chang, Kyung Su Han, Chang Won Hong, Dae Kyung Sohn, Sung Chan Park, Dong Woon Lee, Bun Kim, Ji Yeon Baek, Yong Jun Cha, Moon Ki Choi & Jae Hwan Oh 

Abstract

Purpose

The high incidence of metachronous colorectal tumours in patients with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) encourages extended resection (ER); however, the optimal surgical approach remains unclear. We evaluated the incidences of metachronous colorectal neoplasms following curative colorectal cancer segmental resection (SR) vs ER in patients with HNPCC and investigated patients’ oncologic outcomes according to surgical modality and mismatch repair status.

Methods

We retrospectively investigated medical records of patients with HNPCC (per the Amsterdam II criteria) treated for primary colon cancer at our institution between 2001 and 2017. All patients underwent intensive endoscopic surveillance.

Results

We included 87 patients (36 who underwent SR and 51 who underwent ER). The cumulative incidence of metachronous adenoma was higher in the SR group. One patient in the SR group (2.8%) and 3 in the ER group (5.9%) developed metachronous colon cancer; the difference was not significant (P = 0.693). Four patients in the SR group (11.1%) and 1 in the ER group (2.0%) developed distant recurrences; again, the difference was not significant (P = 0.155). Moreover, no significant differences were observed in the 5-year overall survival rates of patients in the SR and ER groups (88.2% vs 95.5%, P = 0.446); the same was true for 5-year disease-free survival rates (79.5% vs 91.0%, P = 0.147).

Conclusion

The incidence of metachronous cancer was not significantly different between the ER and SR groups; however, that of cumulative metachronous adenoma was higher in the SR group. Hence, intensive surveillance colonoscopy may be sufficient for patients with HNPCC after non-extensive colon resection.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00384-020-03583-1