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Adrenal Tumors Found During Staging and Surveillance for Colorectal Cancer: Benign Incidentalomas or Metastatic Disease?

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

Adrenal Tumors Found During Staging and Surveillance for Colorectal Cancer: Benign Incidentalomas or Metastatic Disease?

10$

Mio Yanagisawa, Dania G. Malik, Thomas W. Loehfelm, Ghaneh Fananapazir, Michael T. Corwin & Michael J. Campbell 

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the incidence of adrenal metastases in patient with colorectal cancer (CRC) and determine the clinical and radiographic features associated metastatic CRC to the adrenal glands.

Materials and Methods

The review of consecutive adults with newly diagnosed CRC found to have adrenal tumors > 1 cm in size on staging or surveillance CT scans with at least two scans to evaluate progression or stability of disease.

Results

Fifty-eight of 856 (6.8%) CRC patients had an adrenal tumor. Forty-three patients (74%) with 46 adrenal tumors had benign adrenal tumors, and 15 (26%) patients with 17 adrenal tumors had metastatic disease. On univariate analysis, patients with metastatic CRC had larger adrenal tumors (26.7 mm vs 12.4 mm, p < 0.01), a higher mean CEA (239 ng/mL vs 14.2 ng/mL, p = 0.03), and were more likely to have other sites of metastatic disease seen on imaging 8/43 (19%) vs 14/15 (93%), p < 0.01. On multivariable analysis, adrenal tumor size > 1.8 cm (OR 49.6 CI 8–306), CEA > 2.5 ng/mL (OR 15.8 CI 1.7–144) and other metastatic disease seen on imaging (OR 68.1 CI 7–661) were independently associated with adrenal metastases.

Conclusion

CRC patients with small adrenal tumors, normal CEA levels and no evidence of other metastatic disease are unlikely to have spread to the adrenal glands. Adrenal tumors found during staging and surveillance of CRC patients should be evaluated with appropriate imaging and biochemical analysis.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00268-020-05479-1