ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

A case of secretory breast cancer in a 6 year-old girl: is it possible to make a correct preoperative diagnosis?

10.00$
ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

A case of secretory breast cancer in a 6 year-old girl: is it possible to make a correct preoperative diagnosis?

10.00$

Takumi Gohara, Makoto Komura, Aya Asano, Takaki Emura, Kazuko Obana, Toru Kikuchi, Hironobu Yonekawa, Hiroaki Komuro, Tetsuro Kodaka, Kan Terawaki, Toshiaki Saeki, Akihiko Osaki, Chih-Ping Li, Keisuke Ishizawa, Takahiro Hasebe, Hitoshi Tsuda & Atsushi Sasaki 

Abstract

Secretory breast carcinoma constitutes the majority of breast cancers in children and young people less than 20 years of age. Noninvasive examination is particularly necessary for the diagnosis of breast carcinoma in children. Herein, we report a case of secretory breast carcinoma in a 6-year-old girl with psychomotor retardation. She was referred to our outpatient clinic for evaluation of a palpable mass in her left breast. A hard mass, rather than the increase in size typical of premature thelarche, was palpated. An excision biopsy was performed. Pathological findings revealed an invasive secretory breast carcinoma. We performed a retrospective review of the preoperative findings of this case, and compared it to the pathological diagnosis. Elastography, which can be performed without deep sedation or general anesthesia and without causing pain, resulted in a stiffness score of 4; however, the distinction between benign and malignant tumors on elastography, which is important to decide the intra-operative procedures, was not sufficient according to the Japanese breast cancer society clinical guidelines. This is the first report of secretory breast carcinoma in a child with a stiffness score determined by tissue elasticity imaging. A breast mass in a child with a high stiffness score of more than 4 on elastography should be referred for invasive diagnostic procedures, such as fine needle aspiration or excisional biopsy. According to our experience, an accurate preoperative diagnosis could be possible for malignant breast tumors in children. Such parameters as stiffness score on elastography are practical, noninvasive, and objective diagnostic tools for the accurate preoperative diagnosis of breast tumors in children.

Only units of this product remain
Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s12282-020-01056-5