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A 10-year retrospective cohort study to assess objective and subjective outcomes of combined stapled transanal rectal resection and urogynecological surgery for pelvic floor dysfunction

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ARTICLE DOWNLOAD

A 10-year retrospective cohort study to assess objective and subjective outcomes of combined stapled transanal rectal resection and urogynecological surgery for pelvic floor dysfunction

10$

Michele Schiano di Visconte & Antonio Azzena

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the subjective and objective outcomes of combined stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) and urogynecological surgery to treat pelvic organ prolapse, with a 10-year follow-up.

Methods

This was a retrospective cohort study analyzing prospectively collected data from 53 consecutive patients who underwent combined stapled transanal rectal resection and urogynecological surgery, from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2007 at a tertiary referral Pelvic Floor Unit of an Italian hospital.

Results

Fifty-three patients with a median age of 60 years (interquartile range (IQR) 67–52t), underwent STARR and concomitant urogynecological surgery. No serious postoperative complications were recorded, and 37/53 women (70%) were evaluated at the 10-year follow-up visit. The cure rate was optimal in 34 women (64.1%). Regarding persistent and/or recurrent symptoms, five sexually-active patients (9%) reported dyspareunia only; obstructed defecation symptoms recurred in ten women (19%); urinary incontinence occurred in eight patients (15%); four patients (11%) reported persistent perineal pain; and two patients (5%) experienced both the urge to defecate and voiding dysfunction. At the 10-year follow-up, 14/27 patients (52%) stated that they would undergo the same operation again, if necessary. Furthermore, the survey found that patients would recommend the combined surgery.

Conclusion

The 10-year results of this study proved that combined rectal and urogynecological surgery is well tolerated, associated with low morbidity, and more effectively treats a distressing and debilitating condition vs separate surgeries for rectal and pelvic organ prolapse. We recommend complementing the relatively small scale of this study with randomized trials involving a sufficient number of patients, to provide more conclusive evidence on the cumulative long-term effects of combined surgery vs 2- or 3-stage surgery.

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Year 2020
Language English
Format PDF
DOI 10.1007/s00404-020-05605-3